Sooner or later you'll find a baby bird out of the nest and on the ground. It's bound to happen if you're a bird watcher or nature lover.
Wondering what you can do to help care and feed baby birds is a question that we often get during Spring and Summer in the U.S. and around the world.
It's important to know what you can do, and what you can't do when you find these out of the nest young birds.
First things first, never force water down their throats, most likely you'll actually drown the baby bird. The adults do not bring water to the nest for them to drink. Water comes from the insects or fruit that birds eat.
Many baby birds are thought to be abandoned or thought to have fallen out of the nest too soon by many backyard birdwatchers.
The truth is, few baby birds are abandoned. Some may fall from their nest or get pushed out when close to fledging and others found on the ground are due to storms or other natural disasters.
Most birdwatchers who find a young bird automatically want to care and feed the bird. It is strongly recommended that you not do force feed. You are more likely to do more harm than good.
Instead, examine the bird for injuries. If hurt, take it to a local veterinarian or call your local conservation department for the nearest wildlife rehabilitator.
Please take a moment and listen to Dr. Becker's comments on this issue. Below you'll find helpful links to websites.
If you find an uninjured young bird you will need to determine whether or not it is really an orphaned bird. The best way is to determine if it is a nestling or a fledgling.
Most young birds that are found are really just young fledglings that can't fly well.
Many people don't realize that when baby birds leave the nest most are unable to fly. Instead, they jump and glide to different tree branches.
Sometimes they miss and end up on the ground. This is why you want to know if it's a fledgling or not.
In order to determine whether the bird is a nestling or a fledgling allow the baby bird to perch on your finger. If it is able to grip your finger firmly than it is a fledgling.
The best thing to do in this case is to place it in a nearby tree or shrub and leave it alone. The parents will continue to care and feed it on their own.
If the bird is not able to cling to your finger, than it's most likely a nestling. If this is the case try to locate the nest.
Most of the time it will be close by and well hidden. Place the bird back in the nest if possible.
If the nest cannot be found, try lining a small basket with tissue and tying the basket to a tree. Do not use dryer lint as it hardens when wet.
Place the young bird in the basket and leave it alone. The parents will take care of it once you leave. If cats are a problem, keep them indoors for a couple of days.
If it is neighboring cats or predators you fear, try to move the bird out of harms way. Move it to dense shrubbery.
Many bird deaths are caused by well-meaning people. Improper feeding and stress can cause a baby birds death.
Should you hand-feed birds that you have found? The short answer is no. Young birds are fed by their parents about every 20 minutes during daylight hours.
Most people are not able to provide this much time and effort in raising young birds. When you capture a baby bird it is afraid and not likely wanting to eat.
The bird needs time to calm down and adjust to where its been placed.
Be Advised - It Is Illegal To Possess Wild Animals Yes, holding wild birds in captivity is illegal.
Not only do young birds need to eat every 20 minutes during daylight hours, each bird species diet is different.
Some bird species diet will change from the nestling phase to the fledgling phase of their development. You need to know the species and its specific diet.
The question asked is "why do birds that are not able to fly, leave the nest?" To us humans, home is a warm and safe environment.
For birds, the nest can be a dangerous place. Predators can attack the whole brood leaving an unsuccessful nesting season.
It is in the best interest of the young birds to not only leave the nest quickly, but it helps to be spread out from one another.
This aids in limiting the number of baby birds a predator might harm and gives the young the greatest chance at survival.
While it is understandable why one would want to help young birds, the best thing to do unfortunately, is to leave them alone.
Sometimes it's too late for that because the bird has been brought inside or it's already dark out or for fear of cats and other predators.
In certain cases, the best thing to do is place the bird in a small box with soft lining and cover with a cloth to lessen the stress.
As soon as possibile reach out to any local rehabber in the area.
If you need to locate a wildlife rehabilitator use the Wildlife Rehabilitator Directory to find the one closes to you. For emergency care before turning over to licensed individuals please see: Wild Bird Care Centre
In fairness, there are folks who have been successful in raising baby birds. Scroll on down to read their stories.
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