The drumming in early spring signals that the male Red-bellied Woodpecker is claiming territory and hopes to court a mate for a season of nesting and raising young.
The male measures about 9 inches in length with a wingspread of about 17 inches. He has bands of black and white on his back referred to as a "ladder back."
The crown and nape of this bird is red. Breast and face is a dull gray. The female is similar to the male but has red only on the nape and above the bill. The crown is gray.
A small patch of reddish tint on the belly, sometimes difficult to see.
The young are similar to the adults but with a brown crown.
Similar to all woodpeckers, the Red-bellied uses drumming as the primary source for attracting and communicating with potential mates.
This habit of drumming may be done on hollow limbs, gutters, siding, utility poles, or any other material that it finds resonates well for its needs.
Much to the dismay of the person who wishes to "sleep in" on weekends or the night shifter.
Considered monogamous throughout the breeding season. Some may form pair bonds lasting over several seasons.
An unusual part of courtship with this woodpecker species is mutual tapping. Generally done at a potential nesting cavity, one bird will enter as the other stays outside and each will take turns tapping to the other.
Breeding occurs at the time of pair formation which is January- Feburary. Eggs are laid in late April in most areas. In Southern stats such as Alabama and Texas as late as July.
Most late nest seen in northern states are most likely renesting attempts due to failure of first nest. Florida has had egg laying as late as August.
Both male and female will build their nest in tree, (living or dead) a utility pole or take over another species of woodpecker home. These birds will also nest in man-made bird houses
The female will lay 4 - 5 completely white eggs. One egg is laid each day until the clutch is complete.
Incubation is done by both male and female after the last egg is laid and will last about 12 - 14 days. The baby birds will fly from the nest (fledge)in about 24 - 27.
In the north a single brood may be raised each season while in the south two and even three broods may be raised.
In the wild these birds eat a diet of mainly vegetable matter sometimes feeding on beetles and insect larvae.