November 10, 2023
Barred owls (Strix varia) are known for their distinctive calls, sounds, and hoots. Some 13* have been noted, encompassing a range of hoots and screams.
These calls serve different purposes, such as marking territory and courting potential mates. Each of the sounds help us to better understand their behaviors.
Here's a detailed overview of the most common barred owl calls, sounds, hoots, and their meanings or purposes.
This is the classic hooting call of the barred owl. Both males and females give the call, with the females sounding higher in pitch.
While audible throughout the year, this call is most prevalent during the breeding season. Males use it to establish territory and to attract females.
These calls can be heard during both day and night but are more common at dusk and dawn.
Another call, sometimes referred to as the "laughing" hoot, is the "hoo-hoo-hoo-hoo" call, which is often used by both males and females as a contact call.
This call can be heard year-round and is used to locate other owls in the area.
Barred owls are known for their eerie, haunting screams, which are high-pitched and can be quite startling.
These screams are often associated with territory disputes, territorial defense, or aggressive interactions between individuals.
Both males and females can produce these screams. They may also scream when they are captured or injured.
During the breeding season, barred owls may engage in vocal duets, with the male hooting and the female responding with a series of descending notes.
This duet helps strengthen the pair's bond.
Cackles: Barred owls sometimes emit a series of cackling sounds, which are often associated with courtship and mating.
These cackles are typically given by both males and females and can be heard during the breeding season.
Whinnies: These owls occasionally produce a whinny-like call, which is a soft, descending series of notes.
Whinnies are often given by males during courtship and are believed to be a way of attracting females
These calls are also used for communication and coordination when hunting, roosting, or feeding.
They are not as loud or distinct as the hooting or screaming calls.
Begging, Screeches, and Whistles
Juvenile barred owls can produce screeching and whistling calls that are quite different from adult calls.
These calls are used to communicate with their parents and siblings during their early stages of life.
These sounds indicate hunger, distress, or a need for attention from the adult owls. I most hear them in the morning giving a raspy call.
Bill Clicking Barred owls may also produce bill-clicking sounds, which are typically associated with aggressive interactions or when they feel threatened.
It's important to note that the meaning and intent behind their calls are often context-dependent and can vary based on the situation, such as whether it's related to territorial disputes, mating, or general communication.
This owl species is known to be relatively vocal throughout the year, but their calls are most prominent during the breeding season, which typically occurs from late winter to early spring.
*Resource for number of vocalizations - jstor.org/stable/10.1525/cond.2010.090163
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