Northern Flicker Habits


What They Look Like

The Northern Flicker is a large bird measuring between 10-14 inches long.

The back and wings are brown/tan and black-barred with a whitish or buffy breast with black spots and a wide black band across the breast.

Northern Flickers can be found throughout North America in parks, suburbs, farmlands, woodlands, and deserts. Their appearance differs depending on where they live.

There are 5 subspecies with 3 common in Canada and the lower 48 states.

Northern Flicker on Power Line

Northern Flicker Perched on Powerline

Northern Flicker Call

In the East and North, it's the Yellow-shafted Flicker, which has a red patch on its neck and yellow feathers on the inside of its wings. The male has a black mustache.

In the West, lives the Red-shafted with its red underwings, undertail, and a red mustache.

In the deserts of S.E. California and southern Arizona, it is the Gilded Flicker you'll see. It will have yellow wing linings and the males have a red mustache.

Where the bird ranges overlap, different flickers sometimes interbreed, creating more varied characteristics.

Feeding on Suet

Feeding Habits

Unlike many others in the Pilelea family, (Woodpeckers) who feed while clinging to the sides of trees, Flickers feed on the ground looking for ants, which are 45% of its diet.

Flickers also eat fruit, berries, and seeds. They have been known to sometimes catch insects in the air.

A good bird for farmers as they shift to crop fields in winter feeding on corn borers. This helps reduce the number of this pest.

You can readily attract this bird to backyard bird feeders filled with black oil sunflower seeds or by using suet feeders.

Mating Habits - Courting

Head bobbing accompanied by the bird's "woikawoikawoika" call, is done by mated pairs as part of courtship.

If done by members of the same sex, it's a dispute over territory or males competing for a mate.

Part of courtship includes drumming on hollow trees and more often than anyone likes, drumming on rain gutters, metal exhaust stacks, and other man-made objects.

Northern Flicker Nesting Habits

Northern Flickers will use a properly constructed, and situated birdhouse for nesting. East to Southeast facing seems most common.

As a cavity nester, the Flicker will excavate a nest in a tree, post, or cactus anywhere from 8-100 feet above the ground.

Invite Woodpeckers to Nest in Your Backyard
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Both males and females will excavate the tree cavity which is usually done in a dead or decaying tree.

The female will lay 7-9 white eggs that will be incubated by both male and female for about 11-12 days.

The male incubates the eggs through the night and the female during the day.

The young birds will leave the nest in about 25-28 days after hatching.

Interesting Note

Flickers eat more ants than any other North American bird.

Its tongue extends almost three inches beyond its beak, which is ideally suited to this purpose.

Other insects eaten include beetles, caterpillars, termites, fruits, and berries.

Chances are, if you have Northern Flickers, a suet feeder will bring them in for a close look.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are Flickers Woodpeckers?

Yes, they are in the Picidae family which includes other common woodpeckers such as the Downy, Pileated, and many others.

The Northern Flicker's feeding habits are different in that they feed on the ground and less in trees like other woodpeckers.

Why Do Flickers Peck Rain Gutters

The pecking you hear in the morning on your rain gutters is called Drumming.

Woodpeckers do this to attract females for mating and to let males know they are claiming this territory.

The sound of drumming on rain gutters and other types of metal resonates louder than wood as you may be aware. Flickers like that aspect.

Do They Mate For Life?

Pairs stay together during the breeding season and through the fledging stage, but no in-depth studies show whether it lasts much longer.

Some pairs may nest together in consecutive seasons while others may choose a different mate.

Want to Attract These Birds

If you would like to attract Flickers, and woodpeckers to your yard, click the link below for some great ideas.

Attract More Woodpeckers With These Great Products
Attract More Woodpeckers With These Products

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