The Northern Flicker is a large bird measuring between 10-14 inches long. The back and wings are brown/tan and black-barred with a whitish or buffy breast with black spots and a wide black band across the breast.
Northern Flickers can be found throughout North America in parks, suburbs, farmlands, woodlands, and deserts. Their appearance differs depending on where they live.
There are 5 subspecies with 3 common in Canada and the lower 48 states.
In the East and North, it's the Yellow-shafted Flicker, which has a red patch on its neck and yellow feathers on the inside of its wings. The male has a black mustache.
In the West, lives the Red-shafted with its red underwings, undertail, and red mustache.
In the deserts of S.E. California and southern Arizona it the Gilded Flicker you'll see. It will have yellow wing linings and the males have a red mustache.
Where the bird ranges overlap, different flickers sometimes interbreed, creating more varied characteristics.
Unlike many others in the Pilelea family,(Woodpeckers) who feed while clinging to the sides of trees, these birds feed on the ground looking for ants, which are 45% of its diet.
Also known to catch insects in the air, this bird also eats fruit, berries, and seeds.
A good bird for farmers as they shift to crop fields in winter feeding on corn borers. This helps reduce the numbers of this pest.
Head bobbing accompanied by the birds "woikawoikawoika" call, is done by mated pairs as part of courtship. If done by members of the same sex, it's a dispute over territory or males competing for a mate.
Part of courtship includes drumming on hollow trees and more often than anyone likes, drumming on rain gutters, metal exhaust stacks and other man-made objects.
Northern Flickers will use a properly constructed bird house for nesting. As a cavity nester the Flicker will excavate a nest in a tree, post, or catus anywhere from 8-100 feet above the ground.
Both male and female will excavate the tree cavity which is usually done in a dead or decaying tree.
The female will lay 7-9 white eggs that will be incubated by both male and female for about 11-12 days. The male incubates the eggs through the night and the female during the day.
The young birds will leave the nest in about 25-28 days after hatching.
This bird eats more ants than any other North American bird. Its tongue extends almost three inches beyond its beak, which is ideally suited to this purpose.
Other insects eaten include; beetles, caterpillars, termites, fruits, and berries.
Chances are, if you have Northern Flickers a suet feeder will bring them in for a close look.
If you would like to attract these and woodpeckers to your yard, click the link below for some great ideas.
Heated Pedestal Baths
Heated Ground Bath
Heated Deck Mounted
Scallaped Deck Mounted