Woodpeckers and nuthatches share the role of gleaning insects from the trunks and larger limbs of trees. Their styles may differ as woodpeckers will hop around the trunk on their way up and nuthatches move downward, getting whatever insect might have been missed.
They measure about 5 to 6 inches in length. These small birds have a dark crown and nape with a white face and a gray back. Varying amounts of reddish brown on rump and flanks.
Sexes differ in color of crown and back. The female bird has a gray or dull black crown and nape.
Nuthatches can begin their mating and courtship habits as early as January. The male bird will begin his song and in response the female may approach and remain still as she perches nearby.
After a while the two will go off and feed together for the day. At days end, each goes to a separate hole to roost for the night.
These birds also engage in mate-feeding. The male bird collects a morsel of food, flies to the female, and then places the food in her bill.
The Nuthatches nest is a natural cavity in a broken limb or tree trunk or perhaps an old woodpecker hole. If the wood is soft enough they will excavate their own hole.
The nest is a mass of bark strips, hair and feathers. Located 15 to 50 feet above ground.
The female lays 3 to 10 eggs that are white, spotted with brown, red, and gray. Incubation is done by both female and male for 12 days and the young will leave the nest about 14 days after hatching.
More common at bird feeders and more widespread than its smaller red-breasted nuthatch relative. The Qhite-breasted Nuthatch has a diet that consist of nuts, seeds, insects, and fruits. These birds often store food in the bark of trees for hard times.
The name comes from "nuthack," which referred to the bird's eating habits. Watch when it eats a sunflower seed or a nut. This bird will wedge it into a crevice and hack it open.
Through fall and winter this bird will travel with its close relatives the chickadees and titmice as they forage for food.
Try placing a suet feeder near your seed feeders to attract the White-breasted Nuthatch to your yard.
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