The Northern Flicker is a large bird measuring between 10-14 inches long. The back and wings are brown/tan and black-barred with a whitish or buffy breast with black spots and a wide black band across the breast.
Northern Flickers can be found throughout North America in parks, suburbs, farmlands, woodlands, and deserts. Their appearance differs depending on where they live. In the East the bird is know as the yellow-shafted since it has yellow under its wings.
In the West lives the red-shafted with its red underwings, undertail, and mustache.
Where the bird ranges overlap, different flickers sometimes interbreed, creating more varied characteristics.
Unlike many others in the Pilelea family,(Woodpeckers) who feed while clinging to the sides of trees, these birds feed on the ground looking for ants, which are 45% of its diet. Also known to catch insects in the air, this bird also eats fruit, berries, and seeds.
Head bobbing accompanied by the birds "woikawoikawoika" call, is done by mated pairs as part of courtship. If done by members of the same sex, it's a dispute over territory or males competing for a mate.
This bird will use a properly constructed bird house for nesting. As a cavity nester the flicker will excavate a nest in a tree, post, or catus anywhere from 8-100 feet above the ground.
The female will lay 7-9 white eggs that will be incubated by both male and female for about 11-12 days. The young birds will leave the nest in about 25-28 days after hatching.
This bird eats more ants than any other North American bird. Its tongue extends almost three inches beyond its beak, which is ideally suited to this purpose.
Chances are, if you have Northern Flickers; a suet feeder will bring them in for a close look.
This is a Yellow-Shafted Flicker eating suet. If you would like to attract these birds to your backyard just click the link below for some great ideas.
Heated Pedestal Baths
Heated with Dripper
Heated Deck Mounted
Scallaped Deck Mounted
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