The Northern Flicker is a large bird measuring between 10-14 inches long. The back and wings are brown/tan and black-barred with a whitish or buffy breast with black spots and a wide black band across the breast.
Northern Flickers can be found throughout North America in parks, suburbs, farmlands, woodlands, and deserts. Their appearance differs depending on where they live. In the East the bird is know as the yellow-shafted since it has yellow under its wings.
In the West lives the red-shafted with its red underwings, undertail, and mustache.
Where the bird ranges overlap, different flickers sometimes interbreed, creating more varied characteristics.
Unlike many others in the Pilelea family,(Woodpeckers) who feed while clinging to the sides of trees, these birds feed on the ground looking for ants, which are 45% of its diet. Also known to catch insects in the air, this bird also eats fruit, berries, and seeds.
Head bobbing accompanied by the birds "woikawoikawoika" call, is done by mated pairs as part of courtship. If done by members of the same sex, it's a dispute over territory or males competing for a mate.